Bed bugs can enter homes in many ways, including riding on luggage, clothes, or furniture. They can also be picked up at restaurants, movie theaters, and doctor offices.
To combat these pesky hitchhikers, declutter your home and vacuum often. Wash infested clothing and linens in hot water and dry them on high heat. Use a mattress encasement to make it harder for the bugs to escape, and seal cracks around furniture and baseboards.
1. Vacuum Daily
Bed bug control are tiny insects that feed at night and hide during the day in dark cracks and crevices. The most common hiding places include along mattress seams and tufts, inside wood joints of furniture, behind baseboards, and underneath loose wallpaper.
Vacuuming daily reduces the amount of dirt and debris that can attract and harbor bed bugs. Also, make your bed an island by keeping it away from the wall and putting encasements on your mattress and box spring. Wash your linens, pillowcases, and sheets regularly (at least once a week) at the highest heat setting allowed by their manufacturer.
2. Wash Your Bedding
Keeping clothes and linens clean is an important part of treating bed bugs. Laundering infested items in hot water and drying them on high heat will kill all stages of the bugs, as well as any eggs they may have.
In addition to washing bedding and clothing, it is important to carefully inspect a room for hidden areas. Check behind furniture, in crevices, and around windows.
Managers in hotels, dormitories, and homeless shelters should train staff to recognize the signs of a bed bug infestation and act quickly. This will help prevent an outbreak.
3. Seal Infested Furniture
If you find a piece of infested furniture that you can’t afford to encase, mark it before taking it to the curb or dumpster. This way, other people won’t unknowingly take the pests home with them.
Look around all of your furnishings for signs of bed bugs. Inspect fabric window coverings, rugs, and stuffed animals. Seal any items that can’t be washed in plastic bags until they can be cleaned. This will prevent bed bug migration during treatment. Also, place interceptor traps in any cracks and crevices that they can crawl into.
4. Check Your Mattress
Vacuuming your mattress helps reduce bed bug populations. Inspect the edges, seams, and tufts. Clean the bedroom furniture, including nightstands and dressers. Remove clutter that could harbor bed bugs, like piles of clothing on the floor or storage containers.
Washing infested bedding and clothes in hot water (above 120 degrees Fahrenheit) and drying them on high heat kills bed bugs and their eggs. You can also use interceptors under beds and sofa legs to trap bed bugs trying to climb into or out of the furniture.
5. Clean Up Your Clutter
Reduce clutter in your home to prevent bed bugs from hiding. You should also remove items from the curb or porch that may be infested with bed bugs and clearly mark them as such so that someone else doesn’t unknowingly bring them into their home.
Wash and dry clothing, shoes, bedding and other linens on high temperatures to kill any bed bugs or eggs. You should also caulk cracks around baseboards, light sockets and electrical outlets to eliminate hiding places. Also, consider using a mattress and box spring cover (also called encasements) to make it more difficult for bed bugs to access your furniture.
6. Check for Signs of Infestation
If you have used nonchemical methods to treat your infestation but still find signs of bed bugs, it’s time to call a pest controller. They may use spray chemicals such as pyrethrins or pyrethroids, which are derived from chrysanthemums and act on the bugs’ nervous system.
Look for dark maroon droppings the size of tic-tacs on furniture, baseboards and window sills. Also, look for pellets that resemble wood shavings on the bed frame and headboard. Caulking cracks around doors, windows and furniture is a good idea as well.
7. Removing Sources of Infestations
A high level of cleanliness is one of the best preventative strategies for dealing with a bed bug infestation. Wash and dry all clothing, curtains, rugs and linens often. Vacuum all surfaces of your mattress, box spring and bed frame, paying special attention to the seams and crevices.
Obtain and use dehumidifiers or silicates such as diatomaceous earth (DE) to help destroy the waxy outer layer of bed bugs, which causes them to die through dehydration. Also, caulk cracks in furniture and around baseboards. In heavily infested homes, consider discarding furniture that can’t be cleaned.
8. Getting Rid of Infested Bedding
If you do find bed bugs in bedding, wash everything that is infested with them in hot water. This will kill the bugs and their eggs.
Start by inspecting around your mattress seams, the crevices of beds and sofas, and the folds of curtains and window treatments. Look for dark red excrement and shed skins.
If you do find signs of an infestation, a pest controller can use silicates that cause the bugs to desiccate and die, or pyrethroids that act on the bugs’ nervous systems.
9. Sealing-infested furniture
A vacuum can remove bed bugs from exposed hiding spots, such as box spring edges and mattress creases, but it cannot reach deeply harbored eggs. Using a crevice tool or vacuum wand may help dislodge eggs in hard-to-reach places.
Laundering infested linens and clothing in hot water followed by high heat drying will kill bed bugs. Silicon caulk can be used to seal cracks and crevices. Keep checking items for at least a year after treatment to ensure all pests are gone. Pyrethroid sprays can be used, but they must be applied carefully and in the correct locations.
10. Getting Rid of Infested Bedding
Getting rid of infested bedding is important to combat bed bug removal service. Infested mattresses, sheets, and pillows should be destroyed by steaming or drying them in high heat. Vacuuming, washing, and sealing may also be helpful.
Using a vacuum with a hose attachment can help get rid of nymphs and adults that are hiding along mattress seams and in piping. It is a good idea to double bag the used vacuum bags and dispose of them outside.
Managers of hotels, furnished apartments, and dormitories should train staff to recognize early signs of a bed bug infestation. They should also use bed bug interceptors under beds to make surviving bugs easier to spot.